Personal Fitness

Question Answer
What is body composition? Body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle in human bodies.
What is physical fitness? Your ability to carry out tasks without undue fatigue.
What is flexibility? The quality of bending easily without breaking.
What is muscular strength? The ability of a muscle group to develop maximal contractile force against a resistance in a single contraction.
What is muscular endurance? The ability of a muscle or group of muscles to repeatedly exert force against resistance.
What is cardio-respiratory endurance? A measurement of how well your heart, lungs and muscles work together to keep your body active over an extended period of time.
What is aerobic? Relating to or denoting exercise that improves or is intended to improve the efficiency of the body's cardiovascular system in absorbing and transporting oxygen.
What is anaerobic? Relating to or denoting exercise that does not improve or is not intended to improve the efficiency of the body's cardiovascular system in absorbing and transporting oxygen.
What is a sedentary lifestyle? A type of lifestyle with little or no physical activity.
What is isometric exercise? A type of strength training in which the joint angle and muscle length do not change during contraction.
What is isokinetic exercise? Exercise performed with a specialized apparatus that provides variable resistance to a movement, so that no matter how much effort is exerted, the movement takes place at a constant speed.
What is isotonic exercise? Exercise or a program of exercises to increase muscular strength, power, and endurance based on lifting a constant amount of weight at variable speeds through a range of motion.
What is a cool down? The act or an instance of allowing physiological activity to return to normal gradually after strenuous exercise.
What is a warm-up? Preparation for physical exertion or a performance by exercising or practicing gently beforehand.
What is metabolism? The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life.
What is overweight? Above a weight considered normal or desirable.
What is a target heart rate? The minimum number of heartbeats in a given amount of time in order to reach the level of exertion necessary for cardiovascular fitness
What is the F.I.T.T. principle? The acronym FITT outlines the key components of an effective exercise program, and the initials F, I, T, T, stand for: Frequency, Intensity, Time and Type.
What is specificity? The principle of specificity derives from the observation that the adaptation of the body or change in physical fitness is specific to the type of training undertaken.
What is crossfit? A high-intensity fitness program incorporating elements from several sports and types of exercise.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *